When to cut grape vines. But for the first year or so the goal is to create a strong root system and trunk. When pruning grapes youre going to give your grapes a major haircut. When it comes to pruning grapes the most common mistake people make is not pruning hard enough. The best time to prune your grapes is in late winter.
Prune vines when dormant. Always always prune grapevines when they are dormant. Pruning grape vines isnt something you do for cosmetic reasons. Plant in spring and prune back the grape vine to three buds.
How and when to prune a grapevine. Make sure that the grapes are fully dormant when you prune them. If you prune back your vines completely each year then you get lots of new growth but again few grapes. When to prune grapes pruning can be done any time between the start of dormancy and late february or the beginning of march depending on your location.
When the plant sprouts in the spring and grows a new shoot that shoot turns from green to brown at the end of the growing season. This summer these buds will develop into clusters of grapes and leaves. When spring rolls around again trim the vine thoroughly to prepare it for new growth. Pruning is done in late winter when the plant is dormant usually around march.
Prune off the old spurs next year to repeat the process. Each healthy plant will support 50 60 grape buds. If your vines have already been growing for a few years or if youre tackling a massive overgrown grapevine youll need to cut it back to conform to the shape of the trellis so that it resembles the form outlined in steps 1 through 6 below before proceeding with an annual pruning regime. Grapes should be pruned during their dormancy usually in late winter.
Remove older shoots that flowered the previous year since they wont make more grapes. But grape varieties that do not have good frost resistance it is best to cut in early spring. Obligatory pruning in the spring are subject to young not yet formed bushes. This is typically in late winter when it is no longer cold enough to frost outside.
Grape vines produce fruit on one year old wood and thats it seriously. Light pruning doesnt promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes. If you dont prune your vines you wont get much fruit. During the third year the side shoots you saved grow and begin producing grapes.
Frost resistant varieties are also pruned in the fall 15 20 days after the foliage falls. They will otherwise bleed their sap losing vigour. After new year is usually a safe time.