Frankincense tree. The word is from old french franc encens. Resin from each of the five is available in various grades which depend on the time of harvesting. One of the gifts presented to baby jesus by the magi frankincense is made of dried globules of sap from the frankincense tree boswellia sacra. It is native to the arabian peninsula oman yemen and northeastern africa.
There are five main species of boswellia that produce true frankincense. Department of agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 the tree can grow to 25 feet with peeling bark and pinnate green leaves. It typically grows in the dry mountainous regions of india africa and the middle east. Frankincense also known as olibanum is made from the resin of the boswellia tree.
Native to arid parts of the middle east india and africa and hardy in us. Today as it has in the past this precious substance sets frankincense apart from most other plants. It is the primary tree in the genus boswellia from which frankincense a resinous dried sap is harvested. Frankincense is the dried sap of trees in the boswellia genus particularly boswellia sacra.
These trees grow in oman yemen and the horn of africa including somalia and ethiopia. The resin is hand sorted for quality. Frankincense is the hardened gum like material resin that comes from cuts made in the trunk of the boswellia carteri tree. The studys authors estimate that without new trees to replace the old half the intact forests and half the frankincense they produce will be gone within 20 years.
Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces indian frankincense referred to in sanskrit as shallaki and in latin as olibanum indicum. Frankincense is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes obtained from trees of the genus boswellia in the family burseraceae particularly boswellia sacra b. The plant is native to much of india and the punjab region that extends into pakistan. The shrubs gum resin is one of the three biblical gifts that the wise men bestowed on the infant jesus.